Community Health Education:
Community health education is any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes. There are three specific method of health education. Every individual method of health education has its own merits, drawbacks as their own sphere of effectiveness. A specific method of communication is more useful in a specific setting on a specific group than others.
Health Education Methods:
Methods of community health education are the techniques or ways in which series of activities are carried out to communicate ideas, information and develops necessary skills and attitude.
Classification of Communication Methods:
Mainly methods have been classified into three main groups according to the number of people who are willing to get health education. Such as
- Individual method,
- Group method,
- Mass media method.
All the above methods have explained in the below:
1. Individual method:
This method involves person to person or faces to face communication which provides maximum opportunity for two way flow of idea, knowledge and information. Adequate interaction between the health educator and his client help provide health education successfully resulting in attitude and expected behavior change. Way of successful individual health education method are counselling and interview.
2. Group Method:
An ideal group may consist of six or twelve members depending upon situation. This small group also can get some opportunity to ask questions and share ideas, information and experiences. In spite of the advantage of individual methods for health education cannot be use due to the time limitation and shortage of manpower. So it will be more practicable for him to provide education in group as well. Group method include-
- Group discussion,
- Problem solving,
- Brain storming,
- Panel discussion,
- Role play,
- Field trip/ educational tour/ campaign,
3. Mass Media Method:
This method is especially meant for a large number of heterogeneous people. Mass method includes-
- Audio aid – radio cassette player,
- Video aid- posters, pamphlets, flip chart, flannel graph, butte tin board etc.
- Audio- visual aids such as television, film& sound, videotape movies.
More questions related this topic:
- What is community health education?
- Community health education methods: A practical guide.
- Health education methods and techniques.
- Community health education jobs.
- Importance of health education.
- Methods of health education.