Definition of Community Health Nursing or Public Health Nursing:
Community health nursing involves several basic concepts, including the promotion of healthy living, prevention of disease and health problems, medical treatment, rehabilitation, evaluation of community health nursing care delivery and prevention systems, and research to further community health nursing and wellness.
A community nurse can serve direct care, educate individuals or the public, advocate for health improvements and perform research in community health. It is the job of a community health nurse to help and keep the community health problems under control.
Characteristics of Community Health Nursing:
There are six important characteristics of community health nursing; those are mentioned in the following:
- It is a specialty field of nursing.
- Its practice combines public health with nursing.
- It is population based.
- It emphasizes on wellness and other than disease or Illness.
- It includes inter-disciplinary collaboration.
- It amplifies client’s responsibility and self-care.
Functions of Community Health Nursing:
The four core functions of community health nursing practices are described in the below:
- Identification of community culture and resources that lead as a key factor in the community health-care system.
- Evaluate community health conditions, health risks and problems to identify the health-care demands of the people.
- Plan and implementation of comprehensive community health interventions, care, services and programmes.
- Develop health policy at the local community level to drive policies/agreements at the state and national levels for collaborative endeavours and actions.
Functions of Community Health Nurse:
There are seven major functions of community health nurse, those are mentioned in the following:
Brief description of the Community Health Nurse Roles:
1. Clinician Role or Direct care provider:
The clinician role in the community health nurse means, the nurse ensures health care services, not just to individuals and families but also to groups and population of the community. For community health nurses the clinician role involves certain emphasis different from basic nursing, i.e. – Holism, health promotion, and skill expansion
2. Educator Role:
It is widely recognized that health teaching is a part of good nursing practice and one of the major functions of a community health nurse (Brown, 1988). Assesses the knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, behaviours, practices, stage of change, and skills of the community people and provide health education according to knowledge level.
3. Advocate Role:
The issue of clients’ rights is important in health care today. Every patient or client has the right to receive just equal and human treatment. Community health nurse is an advocate of patient’s rights in relation to their care. They encourage the individuals to take right food for maintaining health, right drugs for the treatment and right services at right place where ever needed. they provide sufficient information to make necessary health care decision, promote community awareness of significant health problems.
4. Managerial Role:
As a manager the nurse exercises administrative direction towards the accomplishment of specified goals by assessing clients’ needs, planning and organizing to meet those needs, directing and controlling and evaluating the progress to assure that goals are met.
5. Collaborator Role:
Community health nurses seldom practice in isolation. They must work with many people including clients, other nurses, physicians, social workers and community leaders, therapists, nutritionists, occupational therapists, psychologists, epidemiologists, biostaticians, legislators, etc. as a member of the health team (Fairly 1993, Williams, 1986).
6. Leader Role:
Community health nurses are becoming increasingly active in the leader role. As a leader, the nurse instructs, influences, or persuades others to effect change that will positively affect people’s health. The leadership role’s primary function is to useful change of health policy based on community people health; thus, the community health nurse becomes an agent of change.
7. Research Role:
In the researcher role community health nurses engage in systematic investigation, collection and analysis of data for the purpose of solving problems and enhancing community health nursing practice. Based on the research result community nurse improve their service quality and improve community people health.
More questions related this topic:
- Community Health Nursing Definition.
- Community Health Nursing Roles.