What is a Midwife?
A midwife is responsible for providing care to women and baby during the antenatal, intranatal and postnatal periods time to time. Midwives provide high quality, culturally sensitive care during labor. They conduct a clean, safe delivery; give care to the newborn, and manage / refers emergencies effectively to prevent maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity.
Roles and Responsibilities of a Midwife:
The responsibilities of the midwives have pointed out in the below:
- Give the necessary supervision, care and advice to women during pregnancy, labor and the postpartum period.
- Provide full antenatal care, including screening test in the hospital, community and the home.
- Provide counselling and advice before and after screening and tests.
- Conduct deliveries on her own and care for the newborn infant.
- Manage complications in pregnancy and childbirth, in accordance with the principles of basic emergency obstetric care.
- Identify high risk pregnancies and making referrals to doctors and other medical specialists.
- Provide support and advice following events such as miscarriage, termination, stillbirth, neonatal abnormality and neonatal death.
- Provide primary care to women of productive age, in accordance with the Basic Package of health Services.
- Supervise the provision of primary health care within the community by female health workers.
- Counsel and educate women, the family and the community, in relevant areas of health and provide a programme of parenthood preparation and a complete preparation for childbirth including advice on hygiene and nutrition.
- Give support and advice on the daily care of the baby, including breastfeeding, bathing and making up feeds.
- Provide all non-surgical methods of family planning, and counselling for surgical methods.
- Follow established health center policies, procedures and objectives; continuous quality improvement initiatives; safety, environmental, and infection prevention standards.
- Decreased risk of needing a caesarean and reduced rates of labor induction and augmentation.
- Help to decrease infant mortality rates and preterm birth and take all initiatives which are necessary in case of need and carry out where necessary immediate resuscitation.
- Help to decrease maternal mortality rate and pregnancy related sufferings.
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