Principles of Closed Bed Making in Nursing | Procedure of Closed Bed in Nursing

What is a Closed Bed in Nursing?

The term “closed bed” is used to designate the hospital bed which remains empty until the admission of another patient. It is termed “closed bed making” because the top covers are so arranged the all linen beneath the spread is fully protected from dust and dirt.

Closed bed making in nursing
Fig: Closed bed making in nursing

Principles of Closed Bed Making in Hospital:

The main principles of closed bed making in the hospital are listed below:

  1. To give a suitable bed ready for the admission of a new patient.
  2. To provide a clean and fresh environment.
  3. To provide a good appearance.
  4. To reduce the source of infection.

Equipment’s Needed for Closed Bed Making in Hospital:

The below equipment has needed for closed bed making in hospital:

  1. Bed or cot,
  2. Mattress with cover,
  3. Bed sheet-2 ( one for top, another for bottom),
  4. Blanket-1 ( during winter),
  5. Pillow with cases-1 or 2,
  6. Mackintosh or long waterproof sheet -1,
  7. Cotton draw sheet-1,
  8. Chair -1,
  9. Duster-1,
  10. Bucket-1 (for receiving dirty linen).

Procedure of Closed Bed Making in Hospital:

A well-organized, fresh, and clean bed is very important for a patient who has spent most of the time in bed during his or her illness. The following procedures have to maintain during closed bed making in the hospital:

  1. Wash hand properly before and after handling the patient’s bed.
  2. Collect all the supplies and equipment at the patient’s bedside.
  3. Place the equipment on the chair( blanket, top sheet, draw sheet, mackintosh, and bottom sheet)
  4. Locked the bed carefully.
  5. Lower the bed to a comfortable position to prevent back strain.
  6. Wear gloves and remove all soiled linen and pillowcases and place them in the laundry bag.
  7. Keep the pillow on the bedside chair.
  8. Dust the mattress and clean it properly.
  9. Turn the mattress side to side or from head to foot.
  10. If the mattress is slid downward,  pulled well up to the head of the bed.
  11. Put the bottom sheet with a center fold in the center of the bed and open and spread the sheet over the mattress.
  12. Tuck well under the top of the mattress and along the side on which you are working.
  13. Place mackintosh about 18’’ inches below from the head of the bed.
  14. Place draw sheet over mackintosh and tuck in one side.
  15. Go to the opposite side of the bed and tuck in all the linen there.
  16. Place the top sheet with a center fold in the center. The top sheet should be given with the mattress.
  17. If the blanket is being used, apply in the same manner. The edge should be about 6’’ inches from the head of the bed. Tuck blanket smoothly under the bottom of the mattress and miter corner.
  18. Place the pillow on the bed with the open end away from the door to prevent rubbing against the patient’s neck and irritation.
  19. Lower the bed and locked the wheel to ensure patients’ safety.
  20. Keep furniture to its proper place and place the call button within the patient’s reach.
  21. Bring out soiled and dirty linen from the room and keep it in the laundry bucket for cleaning.
  22. Remove gloves and wash hands thoroughly to prevent the spread of infection.

More articles related to Bed Making:

  1. Types of Bed Making in Nursing | Purpose of Bed Making | Principles of Bed Making
  2. Purpose and Procedure of Postoperative Bed Making
  3. Occupied Bed Making Purposes | Occupied Bed Making Procedures

14 thoughts on “Principles of Closed Bed Making in Nursing | Procedure of Closed Bed in Nursing”

  1. Really very happy to say, your post is very interesting to read. I never stop myself to say something about it. You’re doing a great job. Keep it up!

  2. Peterson Prashant

    I have a question to you mam, regarding point number 16. My question is the top sheet should be given along with the blanket or mattress???

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