Critical Care Nursing

Hepatitis B Virus

Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Hepatitis B Virus Infected Patient

Mode of Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV): 1. Parenteral transmission: Infected unscreened blood and blood products, Tattoos/acupuncture needles, A mode of spread most common among parenteral drug miss-users who share needles or other injecting paraphernalia, Contaminated syringes and surgical instruments. 2. Sexual route: Close personal contact seems necessary for transmission, Sexual intercourse especially in …

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Hepatitis E

How to Prevent and Control Hepatitis E?

Definition of Hepatitis E Virus: Hepatitis E is the viral hepatitis caused by hepatitis E virus. Epidemiology of Hepatitis E: Hepatitis E should be suspected in outbreaks of waterborne hepatitis occurring in developing countries like Bangladesh, especially if the disease is more severe in pregnant women. Incidence and Risk Factors of Hepatitis E: Symptomatic hepatitis …

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Viral Hepatitis

How to Control and Prevent Viral Hepatitis?

Definition of Viral Hepatitis: According to World Health Organization (WHO), Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer. It is the inflammation of the liver which results in damage to hepatocytes with a subsequent cell death. Classification or Types of Viral …

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Hepatitis A virus

How to Prevent and Control Hepatitis A?

Definition of Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A is an acute infectious disease caused by hepatitis HAV. Agent’s Factors of Hepatitis A: Agent: Causative agent is HAV. Resistance: The virus is resistance to heat and chemical. Reservoir of infection: Human cases only. Period of infectivity: 2 weeks before and 1 week after the onset of jaundice. Infective …

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Management

Management or Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Definition of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): The sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a group of communicable disease that are transmitted predominantly by sexual contact and caused by wide range of bacterial, viral, protozoal, and fungal agents and ectoparasites. How to Manage or Treat Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)? 1. Syndromic treatment: For vaginal discharge in all …

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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs) Controlling Measures

How to Control Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)?

Definition of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs): The sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a group of communicable disease that are transmitted predominantly by sexual contact and caused by wide range of bacterial, viral, protozoal, and fungal agents and ectoparasites. How to Control Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs)? Controlling measures of sexual transmitted disease (STDs): The control of …

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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention

Complication and Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs)

Definition of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD): Sexually transmitted diseases are the diseases which are predominantly transmitted by/ through sexual (or intimate) contact from an infected partner. Sexually transmitted diseases may be defined as infections acquired during heterosexual or homosexual intercourse with an infected partner. How to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)? Preventive Measures of Sexual …

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Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs) Types

Types and Risk Factors of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs)

Definition of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs): Sexually transmitted diseases may be defined as infections acquired during heterosexual or homosexual intercourse with an infected partner. STDs are the diseases which are predominantly transmitted by/ through sexual (or intimate) contact from an infected partner. Classification or Types of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs): According to causative agent: Group …

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Suicide

Signs, Causes and Risk Factors of Suicide

Definition of Suicide: According to S. nimbi “Suicide is the act of taking owns life intentionally which occurs as a result of mental illness such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorders, alcoholism, or drug abuse.” Definition of Homicide: Homicide occurs when one human being causes the death of another human being. Homicides can be …

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Infection Control Checklist

Infection Control Checklist or Guidelines for Critical Care Unit (ICU)

Definition of Infection Control: According to WHO, infection control may be defined as “infection prevention and control measures aim to ensure the protection of those who might be vulnerable to acquiring an infection both in the general community and while receiving care due to health problems, in a range of settings. The basic principle of …

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