Danger Signs during Antenatal Period | Antenatal Infection List

Antenatal Infection List | Danger Signs during Antenatal Period

Definition of Antenatal Care (ANC):

Antenatal care is also known as prenatal care, is a type of preventive healthcare with the goal of providing regular check-ups that allow doctors or midwives to treat and prevent potential health problems throughout the course of the pregnancy while promoting healthy lifestyles that benefit both mother and child.

Danger signs during antenatal period
Fig: Danger signs during antenatal period

List of Antenatal Infection During Pregnancy:

Antenatal infections those are important to screening during pregnancy:

  1. Rubella,
  2. Chickenpox (varicella zoster),
  3. Cytomegalovirus,
  4. Measles,
  5. Toxoplasmosis,
  6. Pelvic infection,
  7. Genital herpes simplex,
  8. Human immunodeficiency virus,
  9. Hepatitis B,
  10. Syphilis,
  11. Urinary tract infections,
  12. Influenza.

Danger Signs during Antenatal Period:

All the danger signs during antenatal period are-

  • Pain, pressure, or cramping in belly.
  • Contractions that happen more than 4 times an hour or are less than 15 minutes.
  • Leaking of fluid from the vagina.
  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • A lot of nausea and vomiting.
  • A temperature over 100°F (37.8°C).
  • Very bad headache or a headache that lasts for several days new problems with vision.
  • Less movement and kicking by the baby.
  • Sudden weight gain (3 to 5 pounds within 5 to 7 days) with a lot of swelling of feet, ankles, face, or hands Seizures.
  • Blood in urine or burning and pain when urinate.
  • Diarrhea that doesn’t go away.
  • Vaginal discharge with a bad odor, irritation, or itching.

How to Prevent Danger Signs in Antenatal Period?

By the below ways danger signs can be prevented in antenatal period:

  1. Understands the common danger symptoms.
  2. Knows what to do and feels confident that she can come soon if she develops one of the danger symptoms.
  3. Helps the partner/husband to become aware of the danger symptoms the woman may encounter during the pregnancy.
  4. Maintain a healthy diet.
  5. Be aware of food safety.
  6. Take regular exercise.
  7. Avoid alcohol and tobacco.
  8. Will make him more caring and more concerned.
  9. Helps him to take action (early reporting) when danger symptoms appear.
  10. Alerts him to save money for possible emergencies, e.g. transport to the health facility.
  11. Alerts the family to decide on their preferred place of delivery.
  12. Helps the family get prepared for caring for the mother and her baby after the birth.

How to Take Obstetric History of a Pregnant Woman During Antenatal Period?

Ways of taking obstetric history of pregnant woman during antenatal period-

1. Particulars of the patient,

2. Chief complaints:

  • Amenorrhoea,
  • Nausea &/or vomitting,
  • Increased frequency of micturation,
  • Breast discomfort etc.

3. History of present illness,

4. History of past illness: TB, syphilis, rheumatic heart disease, HTN, DM, kidney diseases etc.

5. Family history: Family history of multiple pregnancies, congenital anomaly, DM, HTN etc.

6. Personal history: Sleep pattern, bowel & bladder habit, dietary habit etc.

7. Immunization history,

8. Menstrual history,

9. Obstetric history:

  • Chart is to be drawn,
  • Summed up of obstetric history.

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