What is Multidrug Therapy (MDT)?
Using of two or more anti-leprosy drugs in combination of Rifampicine, Clofazimine and Dapsone that prevents drugs resistance is called Multidrug therapy (MDT). It remains highly effective to leprosy disease treatment and people are no longer infectious after the first monthly dose. It is proven that multidrug therapy (MDT) is safe and easy to use under field conditions due to its presentation in calendar blister pack.
Benefits Or Effectiveness of Multidrug Therapy (MDT) in Leprosy Treatment:
- Leprosy is curable with Multidrug Therapy (MDT).
- It is well tolerated and accepted to patient, even women.
- MDT drug reactions are minimal, safe and increase patient compliance.
- It stops the progress of the leprosy disease by killing bacilli (Mycobacterium leprae).
- It prevents further complications and reduces chances of relapse.
- MDT reduces chances for transmission of infection to other persons.
- It is available in blister pack.
- MDT is easy to dispense, store and take.
- It is available and free of cost at all government health facilities.
- Treatment duration is fixed and short.
- Using of multidrug therapy (MDT) reduces the duration of leprosy disease treatment.
- Using two or three drugs assure effectiveness and cure of leprosy disease and reduces chances of drug resistance.
Complications of Leprosy Disease:
Leprosy is a curable disease if it treats effectively. Complications depend on how quickly the disease is diagnosed and effectively treated. If leprosy is treated early and properly some complications develop that not much affect the patient daily life. But the following list of complications arise when diagnosis and treatment is either delayed or started late in the disease process.
- Blindness or glaucoma,
- Erectile dysfunction and infertility in men,
- Disfiguration of the face (including permanent swelling, bumps and lumps),
- Kidney failure,
- Frequent nosebleeds and constant stuffiness,
- Lagophthalmos ( inability to close the eyelids),
- Cataract (secondary eye problems),
- Permanent nerve damage outside of the brain and spinal cord( usually in extremities),
- Muscle weakness ( claw-like hands, finger, foot drop, facial palsy),
- Loss of eyebrows,
- Ulceration and mutilation,