Different Types and Effects of Disaster in Bangladesh

Disaster in Bangladesh:

According to WHO, “A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.

Disaster in Bangladesh
Fig: Disaster in Bangladesh

Another expert committee from WHO defines disaster as- “Any occurrence that causes damage, economic disruption, loss of human life or deterioration of health and health service on a scale of sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area”.

Different Types of Disaster:

There are mainly two types of disaster, one is natural disaster and another one is Man-made disaster.

List of Natural Disaster:

  • Cyclone,
  • Flood,
  • Tidal waves,
  • Tornado,
  • Earthquake,
  • Landslide,
  • Volcanic eruption,
  • Drought,
  • Heat waves,
  • Fires,
  • Hurricanes,
  • Epidemic,
  • Building collapse.

List of Man-made Disaster:

  • Nuclear accident,
  • Leaks of toxic chemicals,
  • Armed conflict (e.g War) , ethnic and civil strfes,
  • Riot,
  • Famine,
  • Fire,
  • Wars,
  • Industrial hazard,
  • Food poisoning,
  • Air pollution,
  • Sound pollution.

Types of Disaster in Bangladesh:

Natural disasters of Bangladesh:

The government of Bangladesh lists the following major natural disasters to which the country is vulnerable:

  • Floods,
  • Cyclones,
  • Earthquakes,
  • Tornadoes,
  • River bank erosion,
  • Water logging,
  • Drought,
  • Salinity,
  • Storms,
  • Landslide And
  • Tsunami.

Manmade disasters of Bangladesh:

  • Industrial pollution,
  • Fire,
  • Epidemic,
  • Food- related disasters and
  • Political violence.

Adverse Effects of Disaster:

1. Deaths:

Many people perish in an earthquake and many deaths are caused by a tidal wave. Number of immediate deaths following a disaster like flood is not significant.

2. Severe injuries:

Severe injuries requiring intensive medical care are overwhelming in a catastrophe like earthquake, moderate in cyclones and very few in flood situation.

3. Risk of infection:

Risk of infection is increase in all major disasters. Critical Care Nursing.

4. Malnutrition:

Food scarcity is a common effect of disasters like flood, tidal bore and droughts causing shortage of food with its consequent adverse effects on nutrition.

5. Major population problem:

This effect is inevitable in disasters like flood & droughts.

6. Others:

  • Death of animals.
  • Destructions oh houses, educational institutes.
  • Damage of crops, stored food, clothing, water supply.
  • Damage of roads, markets, houses.
  • Water population due to over flooding of ponds, tanks and river.
  • Animal bit- Tiger, snake, jackal etc.
  • Nuisance by dead man and animal and human-excreta.

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