Conjunctivitis Disease: Causes,Treatment and Nursing Intervention

Definition of Conjunctivitis Disease:

Conjunctivitis Disease refers to an inflammation and redness of the conjunctiva. It is a thin layer of tissue that covers the front of the eye (pink eye).

Conjunctivitis disease
Conjunctivitis disease

Causes of Conjunctivitis Disease:

There are different causes of conjunctivitis. Those are in the below:

  • Bacterial/ Viral infection,
  • Allergic reaction ( dust, pollen),
  • Irritants such as Shampoos, dirt smoke,
  • Allergy to contact lens,
  • Foreign object injury to eye,
  • In the neonate, tear duct blockage.

Sing and Symptoms of Conjunctivitis Disease or Conjunctivitis Symptoms: 

Various sign and symptoms for conjunctivitis are below:

  • Redness in one or both eye,
  • Itching,
  • Tearing,
  • Thick yellow discharge after sleep,
  • Burning eyes,
  • Blurred vision,
  • Sensitivity to light.

Test and Diagnosis for Conjunctivitis or Conjunctivitis Diagnosis:

There are two types of tests for conjunctivitis. These are-

  1. Examine eyes and sing symptoms
  2. Swab test may be suggested when not responding to treatment

Treatment for Conjunctivitis Disease or Conjunctivitis Treatment:

There are different treatments for conjunctivitis which are in the below:

  • Antibiotics for bacterial infection,
  • Eye drops or ointment,
  • Antihistamine,
  • Must cell stabilizers,
  • Corticosteroids.

Complications for Conjunctivitis:

Conjunctivitis is a self-care disease. After taking a curse of antibiotics to reduce the risk of complication.

Prevention for Conjunctivitis:

There are different types of instruction for preventing Conjunctivitis. Those are in the following:

  • Maintain proper hygiene and frequent hand washing.
  • Do not touch your eye with your hand.
  • Use a clean towel and washcloth and do not share personal cloth with others.
  • Change pillowcases often.
  • Do not use eye cosmetics during conjunctivitis and do not share with others.

Nursing Intervention for Conjunctivitis Disease:

There are different types of nursing intervention for Conjunctivitis which are mentioned in the following:

  • Teach proper handwashing technique and instruct keep hand away from eyes.
  • Use disinfected for an eye examination.
  • Encourage pt to avoid sharing personal clothes with others.
  • Apply warm compression over the eye and drop and ointment as ordered.
  • Instruct patient to clean eye discharge with tissue and dispose of it carefully.
  • Replace eye cosmetics and do not share.
  • Teach the patient to install eye drops and ointments correctly without touching the tip of the container with an eye or lashes.
  • Encourage the patient to stay away from school for at least 7 days.
  • Instruct to use dark black eyeglass to avoid bright light and contamination.
  • Use and care of contact lenses correctly.
  • Avoid rubbing eyes.

If an infected person maintains this advice, it will help to spread conjunctivitis in family members.

More questions related to this topic:

  1. Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye) Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments.
  2. Conjunctivitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention.
  3. Conjunctivitis: What is Pink Eye?
  4. What is Conjunctivitis of the Eye?
  5. How Can You Get Pink Eye?
  6. How Do You Get Pink Eye?
  7. Conjunctivitis Definition.
  8. What Causes Conjunctivitis?

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