Hyponatremia Disease | Treatment and Complication of Hyponatremia

Hyponatremia Disease:

When the level of sodium in our blood is abnormally low then hyponatremia condition occurred. It should be noted here that, sodium is one kind of electrolyte that helps to regulate the amount of water that’s in and around our cells. This article has shown some important treatments and complications of hyponatremia disease, which will be very useful for all.

Symptoms of hyponatremia disease
Symptoms of hyponatremia disease

Treatment of Hyponatremia Disease:

Treatment of hyponatremia depends on the cause.  The purpose of hyponatremia treatment in resolving the underlying condition. There are some important treatments for hyponatremia disease which are presented below:

  1. If it is due to diet, diuretics, or drinking too much water, so the physician may decide to temporarily cut back fluids.
  2. If cancer is the cause of the condition, radiation, chemotherapy, or surgery to remove the tumor.
  3. If hypervolemic hyponatremia, treat patients with salt and fluid restriction, loop diuretics, and correction of the underlying condition.
  4. If the euvolemic cause of hyponatremia, generally treat a patient with free water restriction ( <1L/Day).
  5. If Hypovolemic hyponatremia, the first treatment choice is to administer isotonic saline to replace the contracted intravascular volume. The second choice is diuretics needed for potassium repletion, which like sodium, is osmotically active. Correction of volume repletion stops the stimulus of ADH secretion. So a large water diuresis can result in a more rapid correction of hyponatremia than desired.
  6. In severe symptomatic hyponatremia, treat with hypertonic (3%) saline.
  7. Acute hyponatremia (duration < 48h) can be safely corrected more easily than chronic hyponatremia. The acute hyponatremic patient is in danger from brain edema. Rapid correction of sodium can lead to severe neurologic complications.
  8. The treatment goal for the acute symptomatic patients is to increase the serum sodium level by approximately 1-2mEq/L/h for 3-4 hours, until the neurologic symptoms subside or until plasma sodium concentration is over 120mEq/L.
  9. In chronic, severe symptomatic hyponatremia, the rate of correction should not more than 0.5-1 mEq/L/h, with a total increase not to more than 8-12mEq/L/d and no more than 18mEq/L in the first 48 hours.
  10. If kidneys are not working well, may need dialysis to decrease the extra water from the body.

A complication of Hyponatremia Disease:

Various complications of hyponatremia disease have pointed out in the following:

  1. Fall,
  2. Osteoporosis,
  3. Decreased consciousness,
  4. Hallucination or coma,
  5. Brain herniation,
  6. Seizures,
  7. Death,
  8. Cardiopulmonary arrest.

1 thought on “Hyponatremia Disease | Treatment and Complication of Hyponatremia”

  1. Male Breast Reduction

    Hyponatremia reflects an excess of total body water (TBW) relative to total body sodium content. Because total body sodium content is reflected by ECF volume status, hyponatremia must be considered along with status of the ECF volume

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